Three samples from 3 patients plated on culture media to identify bacteria in the CSREF laboratory in Koutiala, Mali. Photo credit: Ismael Diallo
Issue brief |

Addressing Antimicrobial Resistance Within Global Processes to Improve Pandemic Preparedness and Response

Report cover image
Photo credit: Ismael Diallo

The emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) represents a grave challenge to global health. In 2019 alone, AMR caused 1.27 million deaths. 

Governments have made a series of commitments to act against AMR, for instance in the 2015 Global Action Plan (GAP) on AMR. However, competing health priorities and lack of resources, particularly in countries with high rates of poverty, have impeded progress towards these commitments. 

The global response to AMR can benefit from ongoing pandemic prevention, preparedness and response (PPR) initiatives in view of their significant overlaps. Both global challenges call for international solidarity rather than nationalistic measures; inclusive governance and robust financing mechanisms; expanded surveillance and laboratory capacity; significant investments into human resources and infrastructure for healthcare delivery; and improved access to existing and new medical tools. 

This report highlights the opportunities ongoing PPR negotiations offer to make meaningful progress on AMR and recommends concrete targets and measurable indicators on issues of mutual importance.