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MSF Human African Trypanosomiasis Dossier


This document provides an overview of present issues surrounding the control of human African trypanosomiasis (HAT), or sleeping sickness, caused by the parasite Trypanosoma brucei gambiense. It is meant for both medical and non-medical readers, and presents both overall global trends and the current situation from the perspective of MSF.

The information presented here is not intended to replace or amend either current WHO recommendations on HAT management or the MSF HAT manual. Similarly, it should not be considered as an exhaustive opinion on the global epidemiology of HAT or issues surrounding diagnostic and therapeutic approaches. Nor is it a comprehensive literature review, although references are provided to guide readers towards more in-depth sources of information.

We hope that this document will facilitate efforts to guarantee future availability of effective HAT diagnostic tests and treatments, and stimulate MSF and others to continue in its precious work against HAT, one of the most neglected tropical diseases.


MSF Human African Trypanosomiasis Dossier